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2005年10月自考英语二真题及答案(自考英语二真题及答案解析)

发布时间:2021-11-16 14:52:26 招生信息 15 来源:广东自考网

2005年10月高等教育自学考试全国一致出题考试
英语(二)试卷

本试卷分为两部分,满分100分,考试时刻150分钟。

第一部分为选择题,1页至7页,共7页。应考者必须在“答题卡”上按要求填涂,不能答在试卷上。

第二部分为非选择题,7页至8页,共2页。答案悉数写在“答题卡”规则方位上。不按规则答题者试卷报废。

PART ONE(50 POINTS)

I.Vocabulary and Structure (10 points,1 point for each item)

从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡大将相应的字母涂黑。

1.Tired he was,Roger never thought of giving it up.

A.as

B.when

C.how

D.that

2.______books you borrow from the library should be returned in two weeks’time.

A.Which

B.Whichever

C.What

D.Whatever

3.The sports meet has been_____till next week because of me bad weather.

A.put off

B. put aside

C. put up

D.put down

4.We didn’t know that he was in town;otherwise,we_____him to the wedding.

A.would invite

B.would have been invited

C.would have invited

D.would be invited

5.Washing the food down with water as a substitute_____chewing is not a good habit.

A.of

B.for

C.to

D.from

6.The police is officering a(n)_____of$3,000 to anyone who will provide information about the lost boy.

A.praise

B.prize

C.reward

D.award

7.Only when he had done it______that he had made a mistake.

A.had he come to understand

B.he came to understand

C.he had come to understand

D.did he come to understand

8.Younger children are curious_______how things work,and many of them want to take apart everything within their reach.

A.Of

B.about

C.at

D.with

9.I asked him to_____me a few minutes so that we could go over all the problems.

A.spend

B.save

C.spare

D.share

10.We promise that we’11 meet again after we______our college education in three years’time.

A.finish

B.will finish

C.finished

D.will have finished

II.Cloze Test(10 points,1 point for each item)

下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。依据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题卡大将相应的字母涂黑。

One type of solar collector is not Very expensive.It is usually _11_on the sunny side of the roof of a building.The sun is most __12__ On this side,and the unit will __13__ more from the sun.The unit has a __14__or level surface.The surface is black because black collects more heat from the sun._15__,there are pipes with water.The top is a piece of glass. The sun__16_through the glass and air inside.It heats the __17__that is also inside A pump, a machine to 18 the water,starts when water is warm enough.The hot water goes into a storage tank.This tank 19 or keeps the hot water.Then there is hot water to use for washing clothes or 20 baths and showers.

11.A.pushed B.pulled C.pressed D.put

12.A.direct B.opposite C.negative D.steep

13.A.assemble B.swallow C.reflect D.collect

14.A.broad B.narrow C.flat D.short

15.A.Outside B.Inside C.Upside D.Downside

16.A.shines B.burns C.heats D.brightens

17.A.air B.water C.1iquid D.1ight

18.A.move B.remove C.Obtain D.maintain

19.A.stores B.weighs C.yields D.traps

20.A.take B.took C.taking Dtakes

III.Reading comprehension(30 poings for each item)

从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡大将相应的字母涂黑。

Passage OneQuestions 21 to 25 are based 0n the following passage.

Many 1anguage learners fail to realize that when they listen to their native Language they do not actually hear every word.They also fail to understand that they integrate their knowledge about language with their experience and knowledge of such things as topic and culture, and do not need to hear to hear every word. This means that learners Often have unrealistic expectations and try to understand each word Of a listening text. As some experts point 0ut,“such total comprehension…is a misconception 0f how normal comprehension works in the native language.” Learners’anxiety may get worse when a classroom procedure does not provide adequate context for the text Or prepare the topic by activating their prior knowledge;in Other words,a procedure which asks students to“Listen to the text and then answer the questions.” This tests listening ability rather than aiming to teach it.Adults returning to English language learning whose earlier experiences have been of this nature may have developed negatlve perceptions 0f their ability as 1isteners and a maior task for the teacher will be to build confidence. This means recognizing anxiety and a major tasking care to provide positive classroom experiences.For example,the teacher needs to make sure that the pace and length of a 1istening activity is not too taxing as the concentration required in trying to cornprehend unfamliliar sounds can be tiring.

21.When they comprehend their native language by 1istening,many language learners tend to think that they_____。

A.need to hear every word

B.have linguistic knowledge

C.know the culture very well

D.have some existing experience

22.According to the passage,foreign language learning depends very much upon_____.

A. native lauguage competence

B.ability to concentrate

C. experience and knowledge

D.personal preference

23.This passage is mainly about _______.

A.writing B.speaking

C.reading D. 1istening

24.The language teacher should _______.

A.develop negative perceptions Of students’ability

B.activate the prior knowledge students have

C.refer t0 the past experience 0f adult 1earners

D.help students understand their native 1anguage first

25.The word‘‘taxing”in the last sentence probably means 。

A. costly B.demanding

C. anxious D.interesting

Passage TwoQuestions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage。

Man’s mind is his tool Of survival.The mind is used to gain,use,store,and recallknowledge.It is his mind that enables a famer t0 know what t0 plant,when to harvest it,how to prepare food from the result.It is his mind that enables a hunter to know what he needs to make a spear,how t0 make it,and how to use it.And it is his mind that enables a blacksmith to know how t0 make iron tools.In short,it i s the mind that enables a person to know what to d0 in order tOosurvive. Man’s mind allows long—range planning and thinking.It enables such long—range planning as required for farming,hunting,and tool making.These efforts require the ability to form concepts of long—term cause and effect chains.“I need t0 make a spear tonight SO I can hunt tomorrow and have food for the next 7 days.”There may be environments where people could survive for a while without long—range planning,but without the results 0f knowledge like spears,fire,and 0ther technologies,people would get out—bred by Other animals and die out。 Man’s mind is his tool for survival,but like all tools,it must be properly used.The mind makes good use 0f knowledge,and knowledge can only be 0btained through reason.Without reason,there is no knowledge,and thus no survival。You must recognize reality and act in accordance with it in order t0 be successful.To the extent that you use reason as your method of judgment in knowledge and action,you will survive and flourish .If you ignore or escape form reality you will suffer and die.It is very important t0 note that survival by reason requires the freedom to act according t0 your reason.That is why people d0 not develop well in the control of others,and can not survive when they are subject t0 foree that destroys their ability to act on reason.

26.It is his mind that enables a farmer t0 know how to_______.

A.make spears B.hunt for animals

C.make iron tools D.cultivate crops

27.The first two paragraphs show that man’s mind______.

A.is his basic means Of survival

B.enables him to act at will

C.is used to protect themselves

D.helps him 100k int0 reality

28.In order to survive,man should_______.

A.be conquered by 0thel"allimals

B.make a long—range plan for the future

C.1earn to recall knowledge

D.1earn to think reasonably

29.Without the results Of knowledge like spears,fire,and Other technologies,people_____.

A.Could only survive for7 days

B.would kill off a11 the animals

C.would be controlled by 0thers

D.would disappear from the earth

30.It is reasonable that if people want to survive,they should______.

A.develop well in the control of others

B.ignore or escape from reality

C.have freedom to act on reason

D.be subject to certain environments

Passage ThreeQuestions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage。

It happened again the other night.We’re watching the weather report on television.Ageneric-looking(容颜平平)man in a generic-looking suit slides back and forth before a map of the region,telling us we have nothing to worry about.Only a slight chance of an isolated thunderstorm after midnight.It’s 6:30 p.m.He smiles,tells us to have a great evening and fades away to sports.Less than an hour later,it’s pouring.And I mean pouring.Sheets-of-rain-down-the-windowpanes pouring.It remains one of life’s 1ittle mysteries to me how such well-intentioned and well-trained people using such high-tech equipment can be so wrong,and so often.I’ve often said that if I made that many mistakes in front of so many people,I’dhave been out of job 35 years ago.I grew up on the windswept(受劲风侵袭的)plains of western New YorkState.When the m an on the Buffalo station said it was going to snow,it snowed.It never failed. This was October,usually around Halloween(万圣节)。He then predicted snow for the next six months,and he was never wrong November. December.January.February.March.April.Snow.Even as a kid,I figured Out this wasn’t rocket science.But at least he was always accurate.He had no equipment,no red or blue or green spots floating across his map.In fact,I’ll not sure I remember a map。In those days,we a11 knew where we were.NO map wasRequired。He got most()f his forecast tips,I suspect,from his bones and how they felt. I have my simple theories why weather reporting is so inaccurate. Weathe repOrters rarely go outside.Nor can they see outside.MOst 0f them work in windowless buildings.

31.The sentence"It happened again the 0ther night"implies that.

A.weather reporters are Often fired because they are inaccurate

B.it rains much too 0ften at night in that area of the country

C.inaccuracies in teleVisiOn weather reports are frequent

D.the author Often watches the weather report on teleVisiOn

32.The phrase“fades away to sports”(para.1)means.

A.he goe s on t0 talk ab0ut sports programs

B.he goes away t0 play sports after work

C.sports programs begin when he disappears

D.sports have to be cancelled because 0f ranin

33.1t began t0 rain.

A. at 6:30 p.m.

B. before 7:30 p.m.

C. after 7:30 p.m

D. by midnight

34.What the author intends to say id that weather reports are inaccurate because weaher reporters .

A.are not well—equipped as expected

B.are not always responsible enough

C.go unpunished for their mistakes

D.do not conduct enough fieldwork

35.According to the author ,the man on the Buffalo station was accurate in predicting weather because .

A.his pay depended on the tips he got from weather reports

B.what he felt in his bones helped to foresee the weather

C.it was the knowledge he gained from his ancestors

D.he could see snow coming from the windswept plains

PART TW0 (50 POINTS)

IV Word SpeIling(10 poiIlts,1 poillt for two items)

将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完好的单词写在答题卡上.

36.水手,船员n.s ______

37.技能,手工n. t _______

38.样品,样本n. s ________

39.暂时的,暂时的 a.t _______

40.驱使,省亲V. u ________

41.有用的,有理的a. v __________

42.冒险,勇于V. v __________

43.幻想,想象 v. v_________

44.周游,离题v. w_______

45.动机,动力 n. m_________

46.废物,废物 n r________

47.阴文地,很快地砌.ad. r_________

48.谚语,格言以. p_______

49.挨近,近似刀 n . p________

50.打翻,推翻v. o________

51.但是,不过反 ad. n________

52.地带,区域九 n. z_________

53.文学,文学作品 n . l________

54.千米,公里限 n. k________

55.威吓,威吓v. I________

V. Word Form (10 points ,1 point for each item)

将括号中的各词变为恰当的方式填入空白。答案写在答题卡上。56.Nowadays,youngsters like listening to CD music more than (go) to concerts57.It seems the roof(leak)for some time. We’d better call in the repairman.58.It is reported that daydreaming improves a person’s ability(solve) everyday problems.59.Ever since the paintings of contemporary artists went on exhibitiln at the gallery,there (be) many visitors every day.60.Every student in this class likes the film(base) on the novel by D.H.Lawrence.61.Some enjoy(meet)new people,while others want to be left alone.62.Looking through the window, I found him(seat) in a sofa.63.Deeply(touch) by her speech, many offered finacncial support to the school.64.If I(follow) my teacher’s suggestions,I would have passed the examination.65.Shortly afterwards,the government announced its(decide) on the future of the railways.

VI. Translation from Chinese into English(15 points,3 points for each item)将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题卡上.

66.玉石俱焚作业有压力,人们仍是十分重视日子质量。

67.为了健康,你不应该承当太多的作业。

68.在某种意义上他是对的,但他不了解悉数现实。

69.翻开收音机,你就会听到美好的民乐。

70.正如我方才所说的那样,女主人对咱们是友爱的。

VII.Tanslation from English into Chinese(15 points)下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题卡上。

It is generally known mat our dajly life is divided into two phases:work andrecreation.Howover,few people know the distinctiOn between actiVe play and passive entertainment.We have to participate i n and ptactice it if we would enj oy an actiVe play.We to paint rather than 100k at paintings,to play instruments rather than go to Concerts,to dance and sing and act ourselves,engaging all our seilsos in fun and rules of The active play.Then someming may begin to happen to us:to Work upon our bodiesAnd our souls.

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